Information about essential oils is listed in various formats; names that you might hear when referring to essential oil information include an essential oil monograph, an essential oil profile, or an essential oil data sheet. Basically, all of these names refer to very similar types of information about an essential oil. Here is a quick look at the sort of information that should be included in an essential oil monograph.

Essential Oil Data: Photo Credit, ISP
Essential Oil Data: Photo Credit, ISP

A Description of an Essential Oil Monograph

An essential oil monograph contains information, data, or facts about an essential oil that you should become familiar with when working with essential oils. It helps you to compare the information that you know about an essential oil to an essential oil that you may be considering purchasing, or an essential oil that you might be considering adding to an aromatherapy blend.

Basic Information Contained in an Essential Oil Monograph

Information contained in an essential oil monograph may vary from provider to provider but here are some of the main points you should be looking for:

  • the botanical name of the essential oil or plant

  • synonyms for the essential oil or plant

  • the botanical family of the essential oil or plant

  • the method of extraction of the essential oil

  • where the plant is commonly found growing

  • a description of the plant which the essential oil is extracted from

  • the main chemical components of the essential oil

  • the main therapeutic properties of the essential oil

  • caution and/or contra-indications for using the essential oil.

The above information gives you a overall picture of what to expect of the essential oil and the plant from which it is extracted.

An Example of an Essential Oil Monograph

To give you an idea of an essential oil monograph, consider the popular essential oil of true lavender. The monograph for true lavender essential oil may look something like this:

  • Botanical name: Lavandula angustifolia

  • Synonyms: Lavandula officinalis, Lavandula vera, common lavender, true lavender

  • Botanical family: Lamiaceae

  • Method of extraction: steam distillation of the flowers

  • Where the plant grows: Mediterranean region, most countries of the world

  • Description of plant: evergreen herb with violet-blue flowers growing up to three feet in height

  • Main chemical components of the essential oil: alcohols and esters

  • Main therapeutic properties of the essential oil: analgesic, antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, sedative

  • Cautions: none known for general aromatherapy use.

The above essential oil monograph was adapted and abridged from the full true lavender essential oil profile listed in Authentic Aromatherapy.

Learn More About Essential Oils with a Sedona Aromatherapie Home Study Course

If you are interested in learning more about essential oils and would like to study with UK certified aromatherapist and published author Sharon Falsetto, consider one of the Sedona Aromatherapie home study aromatherapy courses. For a list of the full aromatherapy course program, visit the courses home page!


  • Falsetto, Sharon, 2014, Authentic Aromatherapy, US: Skyhorse Publishing

  • Penny Price Academy of Aromatherapy

  • Author is a certified aromatherapist

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